Ethiopia Yirgacheffe G1 Washed - Halo Hartume

Grapefruit, kumquat, key lime pie
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Bag Weight 60 KG BAG
Harvest Season 2020/21
Status Spot
Lot Number P609367-1
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    About This Coffee

    This Grade 1, wet processed coffee is from the Washing Station at Halo Hartume Village in the Gedeb Woreda Zone in the highlands of southern Ethiopia, the coffee region famously known as Yirgacheffe. The nearly 800 farmers who deliver to this washing station are smallholders growing on 1 to 10 hectares above 1900 meters. The coffee plants are Ethiopians heirloom varietals like Dega and Wolisho. During milling the coffee is fermented for 24-36 hours depending on weather, washed and then dried on raised beds for one week while final quality sorts are conducted.

    Country of Origin Ethiopia
    Harvest Season 2020/21
    Coffee Grade ETH CA WA YIRG G1
    Bag Type Grain Pro / Ecotact
    Plant Species Arabica
    Processing Washed
    Variety Ethiopia Heirloom Varieties
    Region Halo Hartume Village, Gedeb Woreda, Gedeo Zone
    Farm Name Various smallholders
    Wet Mill Halo Hartume Washing Station
    Growing Altitude 1900-2200m

    History of Coffee in Ethiopia 

    Coffee is ancient in Ethiopia, but coffee farming is not. By the end of the 9th Century coffee was actively being cultivated in Ethiopia as food, but probably not as a beverage. It was the Arab world that developed brewing. Even as coffee became an export for Ethiopia in the late 1800’s, Ethiopian coffee was the result of gathering rather than agricultural practices. A hundred years ago, plantations, mostly in Harar, were still the exception, while “Kaffa” coffee from the southwest was still harvested wild. In 1935, William Ukers wrote: “Wild coffee is also known as Kaffa coffee, from one of the districts where it grows most abundantly in a state of nature. The trees grow in such profusion that the possible supply, at a minimum of labor in gathering, is practically unlimited. It is said that in south-western Abyssinia there are immense forests of it that have never been encroached upon except at the outskirts.” 

    Growing Coffee in Ethiopia

    As the birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia is home to more species of coffee plants than any place on earth, much of it still growing wild, and much of it still undiscovered. All Ethiopian coffee is Arabica and at least 150 varieties are commercially cultivated. Traditionally, these have simply been labelled as “heirloom varietals”; however, this is changing as the Jimma Agricultural Research Center works to identify species. Although there are a few estates in Ethiopia, 95% of coffee is grown by small land holders in a wide variety of environments, including “coffee forests” where coffee grows wild and is harvested by the local people. All specialty grade Ethiopian Coffee is grown above 4,000 feet and most above 6,000. In the highlands of Sidamo and Yirgacheffe, coffee can grow above 7,000 feet.

    • Status Spot
    • Region Halo Hartume Village, Gedeb Woreda, Gedeo Zone
    • Farm Name Various smallholders
    • Wet Mill Halo Hartume Washing Station
    • Processing Washed
    • Bag Type Grain Pro / Ecotact
    • Plant Species Arabica
    • Variety Ethiopia Heirloom Varieties
    • Coffee Grade ETH CA WA YIRG G1
    • Growing Altitude 1900-2200m
    • Country of Origin Ethiopia
    • On Sale No
    • Top Lot Yes
    • CTRM Contract Number P609367-1