Colombia Huila - Bourbon Sidra Microlot
|Bag Weight||70 KG BAG|
About This Coffee
Despite being genetically linked to Ethiopia, Sidra is mainly produced in South America – primarily in Ecuador and Colombia. Sidra plants have thick trunks and can grow up to four metres tall, producing dark green leaves with elongated five-petal flowers and cherries that grow densely packed together along its branches. The variety grows well at high altitudes, which in part contributes to a cup profile reminiscent of similarly high-grown Ethiopian coffees, with strong fruit and citric flavors alongside floral notes.
This lot is put together from the combined harvests of eleven different smallholder farmers in the Huila department, growing at favorable elevations. After selective handpicking and sorting, the coffee is pulped and fermented for 48-70 hours in tanks before being fully washed and sun-dried.
|Country of Origin||Colombia|
|Producer Type||Small Holder Farmers|
|Farm Name||11 smallholders|
|Processing Description||Fermented in tanks for 48-70 hours, sun-dried on patios|
|Growing Altitude||1700m - 2000m|
|Bag Weight||70 KG BAG|
|Bag Type||Grain Pro / Ecotact|
History of Colombian Coffee
As with many coffee origins, it is believed that coffee was first brought to Colombia by priests, arriving, perhaps, within a decade or two after coffee first came to the Americas via the Caribbean in the first half of the 17th century. It was likely a garden crop grown for local consumption and barter for decades. Unlike other coffee regions, we have the story of a priest named Francisco Romero, who could be called the father of commercial coffee cultivation in Colombia. The folkloric tale goes that in the early 1800’s, Father Francisco, hearing confessions in the north eastern town of Salazar de la Palmas, assigned planting coffee to his parishioners as penance for their sins. The Archbishop of Colombia heard about this and ordered all priests to adopt the practice. Commercial production of coffee expanded quickly, moving into regions where the growing conditions were ideal.
Growing Coffee in Colombia
Even though it’s been 4,000 years, the soil resulting from the last major eruption of Tolima is still considered “young soil,” filled with nutrients that are no longer found at the same levels in old soil. There is a long list of elements on offer in volcanic soil that are fading or absent in other soils, such as high levels of potassium and nitrogen. Also present is something called “Boron,” which arrived from outer space a long time ago, and is important to cell walls, the creation of enzymes, and the production of flowers and fruit, meaning Boron contributes to yield. Beyond the nutrients, the structure of volcanic soil is also beneficial to coffee growing. It can soak up and hold moisture while, at the same time, facilitate good drainage so water doesn’t pool, which is not good for coffee plant roots. Coffee plants like to take a drink, then take a break. Also, volcanic soils are usually found on an incline, which also helps with drainage.
- Status Spot
- Region Huila
- Farm Name 11 smallholders
- Producer Type Small Holder Farmers
- Processing Washed
- Processing Description Fermented in tanks for 48-70 hours, sun-dried on patios
- Bag Type Grain Pro / Ecotact
- Plant Species Arabica
- Variety Sidra
- Coffee Grade COL CA WA EXCO EP10
- Min Growing Altitude 1700m
- Max Growing Altitude 2000m
- Country of Origin Colombia
- Warehouse The Annex
- On Sale No
- Top Lot Yes
- CTRM Contract Number P610932-1