Brazil - Jose Humberto De Melo Microlot

Dried fruits, dark chocolate, brown sugar, caramel
TOP LOT
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Bag Weight 60 KG BAG
Harvest Season 2022/23
Status Spot
Lot Number P611411-3
  • 8 Bag(s)
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About This Coffee

Jose acquired the land that is now his Retiro farm, located in the famed Cerrado coffee-growing region, in 2004. Initially a dairy farm, he converted to growing coffee on the 23 hectare plot and now produces high quality offerings of the Mundo Novo and Catuai varieties.

Country of Origin Brazil
Region Cerrado
Producer Type Single Estate
Farm Name Retiro
Processing Natural/Dry Processed
Processing Description Sun-dried on cement patios
Growing Altitude 1000m
Harvest Season 2022/23
Bag Weight 60 KG BAG
Bag Type Grain Pro / Ecotact
Plant Species Arabica
Variety Catuai, Mundo Novo

History of Coffee in Brazil 

American colonists had been drinking coffee for fifty years before the first coffee seed was planted in Brazil in 1727. A hundred years later, Brazil accounted for 30% of the world’s coffee supply. A hundred years after that, in the 1920’s, Brazil held a virtual monopoly, producing 80% of the world’s coffee. Although Brazil’s market share peaked at 80% in the 1920’s, its continuing status as the world’s largest coffee producer still gives the country considerable influence on the market and coffee prices. It is said that when Brazil sneezes, the coffee world catches cold. In 1975, a “black frost” destroyed over 70 percent of the crop in Brazil and coffee prices doubled world-wide. Brazil was a founding member of the Pan-American Coffee Bureau, which invented the concept of a “coffee break,” during an advertising campaign in the early 1950’s.

Growing Coffee in Brazil 

The U.S. state of Maryland is not large enough to contain all the coffee plants in Brazil, even if every inch of the state was growing coffee. Over 300,000 coffee farms in 2,000 cities grow coffee in Brazil. Although some of Brazil’s 30 coffee growing regions are home to the world’s largest coffee farms, there are also small and medium sized farms, including those owned and operated by women as part of Olam’s Café Delas initiative.  With so much land devoted to coffee, it’s no surprise that  over 40 species coffee plant can be found growing in Brazil, but the most common are Yellow Bourbon, Acaia, Yellow Catuai, Red Catuai, and New World. While the amount of washed coffee coming out of Brazil has increased steadily over the years, the vast majority of coffee is still produced using the dry method.  

  • Region Cerrado
  • Farm Name Retiro
  • Producer Type Single Estate
  • Processing Natural/Dry Processed
  • Processing Description Sun-dried on cement patios
  • Bag Type Grain Pro / Ecotact
  • Plant Species Arabica
  • Variety Catuai, Mundo Novo
  • Min Growing Altitude 1000m
  • On Sale No
  • Top Lot Yes
  • Status Spot
  • Coffee Grade BRA CA FW FC NY 2/3 SC 17/18
  • CTRM Contract Number P611411-3
  • Country of Origin Brazil
  • Warehouse The Annex